Websites listed in the ebook edition
of The Story of the Bible
The ebook edition of The Story of the Bible is a portal to eighty resources on the Internet for exploring the history of the Bible. Through the external links listed below, you can . . .
• Watch parchment being made
• Unroll the Great Isaiah Scroll and see a translation
• Meet three of the key people in the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls
• View a colorful Bible dedication in Papua New Guinea
These sites were carefully chosen to give you the most information. On this page you can keep up to date with the websites in the ebook edition of The Story of the Bible. However, not all sites will work well on all reading devices. Some sites use Adobe Flash, which Apple prohibits on its iPhones and iPads.
Some sites work best with a fast Internet connection and plenty of available memory.
Listed below are the complete URLs of all the links in the ebook edition of The Story of the Bible. This list will be updated as necessary. If a particular site does not work on your reading device, you should be able to access it through a computer using the URLs listed below or just clicking on the URL.
If you have questions or comments, please contact Larry Stone using “contact” on the top toolbar.
You can purchase the ebook of The Story of the Bible through:
External links within the ebook
A British filmmaker, Roland Carn, won a competition for the best film made on a smartphone with his 2017 video on how papyrus was made. This gives an overview of the entire process. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VIb02hE-dCA.
Making papyrus in Egypt had nearly died out until a papyrus industry grew up in a village in the Nile Delta, making papyrus for souvenirs. This interesting video tells the story, although you will have to read the translation in subtitles. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sO72jfUCYSg
Wim Visscher in Buckinghamshire, England, showed the BBC how parchment is made in a fascinating four-minute video at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2-SpLPFaRd0.
The British Library has a Peshitta (simple Syriac) Pentateuch from 463-464. The British Library’s website describes this manuscript at http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/sacredtexts/syriacbib.html.
A wonderful description of the Aleppo Codex and its history is on the website of the Shrine of the Book in Jerusalem. www.imj.org.il/en/wings/shrine-book/dead-sea-scrolls Click on “A Wandering Bible: The Aleppo Codex” at the left.
You can view the entire Aleppo Codex online at https://barhama.com/ajaxzoom/viewer/viewer.php?zoomDir=/pic/AleppoWM/&example=viewer5 . However, there is no index to let you know at what you are looking.
The Great Isaiah Scroll
You can read about the Great Isaiah Scroll, unroll it, enlarge it, and get an English translation at http://dss.collections.imj.org.il/isaiah.
Dead Sea Scrolls Digitization Project
The Isaiah Scroll digitization is part of a project by the Shrine of the Book and Google to digitize the Dead Sea Scrolls. An introduction to the project is online at http://dss.collections.imj.org.il/dss_video.
The Dead Sea Scrolls
Explore the Dead Sea Scrolls at the website of the Shrine of the Book, the museum in Jerusalem built to house them, at https://www.imj.org.il/en/wings/shrine-book/dead-sea-scrolls.
A fascinating short video prepared by the Israel Antiquities Authority gives a quick introduction to the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_r1v5lkSVPo.
Saint Catherine’s Monastery
Saint Catherine’s Monastery at the foot of Mount Sinai is the oldest continuously inhabited Christian monastery. Its website gives the history and a description of the monastery at http://www.sinaimonastery.com/index.php/en/.
A fascinating seven-minute video about Saint Catherine’s Monastery and why it is protected by its Muslim neighbors is at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MZ3dFABGySg&feature=related.
Codex Vaticanus can be viewed online on the website of the Vatican Library Digitization Project at https://digi.vatlib.it/view/MSS_Vat.gr.1209. You can scroll through the pages, or, by clicking at the top left, you can get an index that lets you jump to the beginning of various books of the Bible.
In 2005, The Codex Sinaiticus Project was established by the four institutions holding pages of the codex. The project’s website is http://www.codexsinaiticus.org/en/.
Selected pages can also be seen at the British Library website -- http://www.bl.uk/turning-the-pages/?id=b00f9a37-422c-4542-bfbd-b97bf3ce7d50&type=book
Codex Alexandrinus, one of the three earliest Greek manuscripts of the Bible, is described on the British Library’s website, which has images of two of its pages at http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/sacredtexts/codexalex.html.
John Rylands Papyrus (P52)
A description of the John Rylands Papyrus (P52) and images of its two sides is on the University of Manchester Library website at https://www.librarysearch.manchester.ac.uk/discovery/fulldisplay?docid=alma992977956282401631&context=L&vid=44MAN_INST:MU_NUI&lang=en&search_scope=Special_Collection&adaptor=Local%20Search%20Engine&tab=Special_Collection&query=any,contains,St.%20John%20Fragment&sortby=rank&offset=0&pcAvailability=false. If you try to access the images of the fragment from this page, it requires a log-in. You can see the recto at https://luna.manchester.ac.uk/luna/servlet/detail/ManchesterDev~93~3~55616~231202:St-John-Fragment?qvq=q:St.%20John%20Fragment&mi=0&trs=8 and the verso at https://luna.manchester.ac.uk/luna/servlet/detail/ManchesterDev~93~3~55618~231201?qvq=q%3ASt.%20John%20Fragment&mi=1&trs=8 or at Wikipedia at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rylands_Library_Papyrus_P52
Chester Beatty P46
A very informative explanation of P46 is on https://www.lib.umich.edu/reading/Paul/index.html. The portion of P46 at the Chester Beatty Library in Dublin, Ireland, is available on the Chester Beatty's Digital Collections website. The 30 leaves of P46 at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, are on the University's website, but it is difficult to navigate. An index to these 60 pages is in a forum of Evangelical Textual Criticism at http://evangelicaltextualcriticism.blogspot.com/2006/01/images-of-p46-michigan-portions.html with links to the University of Michigan website.
All 208 folios (416 pages) of Codex Ephraemi can be viewed online on the website of Gallica at https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b8470433r/f61.item, the digital library of the National Library of France. If you go to the “view” symbol (to the right of the word "Zoom" at the bottom of the image) and click on the box with nine squares in the window that opens, you can view thumbnails.
Codex Bezae, the earliest existing bilingual New Testament manuscript, written in Greek and Latin, is described and can be viewed and downloaded on the Cambridge University website at http://cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/view/MS-NN-00002-00041/1.
The story of how Codex Amiatinus made its way to Italy is an interesting one. The history can be found at https://blogs.bl.uk/digitisedmanuscripts/2018/06/the-first-voyage-of-codex-amiatinus.html . And a video made in conjunction with an exhibit at the British Library can be seen at https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/medieval-world/early-medieval/v/codex-amiatinus. You can see the complete Codex Amiatinus at http://mss.bmlonline.it/s.aspx?Id=AWOS3h2-I1A4r7GxMdaR&c=Biblia%20Sacra#/book
, the website of Biblioteca Medicea Larenziana (the Laurentian Library) in Florence, Italy.
Codex Gigas, the largest medieval Bible in the world, is described and highlights and the complete manuscript can be viewed on the website of the National Library of Sweden at https://www.kb.se/codex-gigas/eng/
The Joshua Roll
An Illuminated manuscript containing the first half of Joshua, the Joshua Roll is unusual in that it is a continuous scroll about 33 feet long. The primary interest is the pictures of Joshua's military successes. The text is the first part of Joshua in the Greek Septuagint. The Joshua Roll is in the Vatican library and at https://digi.vatlib.it/mss/detail/215228?ling=en
The Paris Psalter
A luxurious imperial codex of the Psalms created in the tenth century, the Paris Psalter is the most famous illustrated codex in Byzantine art because of "its large size, high quality of script and text decoration, and magnificent full-page illustrations, fourteen in all,” says the website Byzantine Legacy. The Paris Psalter is in the National Library of France and can be viewed at https://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/btv1b10515446x/?lang=EN.
The Morgan Crusader’s Bible
The entire Morgan Crusader’s Bible (also called the Maciejowski Bible), can be viewed on the website of The Pierpont Morgan Library at https://www.themorgan.org/collection/Crusader-Bible. Each page of the Bible is described, can be viewed, and enlarged. The history of the Maciejowski Bible and additional pictures can be viewed at http://www.medievaltymes.com/courtyard/maciejowski_bible.htm.
Codex Aureus (St. Emmeram)
The opulence of Codex Aureus (St. Emmeram) seems designed to show the wealth and power of Charles the Bald, grandson of Charlemagne. The codex is at the Bavarian State Library in Munich, and so the Library’s website is in German. You can see the lavish cover at http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/0009/bsb00096095/images/index.html and view the entire codex at http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/%7Edb/0005/bsb00057171/images/index.html. To learn more about the library's amazing manuscript collection, go to https://www.bsb-muenchen.de/en/collections/manuscripts/about-the-collection/.
The Winchester Bible is in the Winchester Cathedral in England and at one time there was a description of the Bible and images of selected pages on the Cathedral’s website. I can no longer find them.
In 2014 the Cathedral commissioned a Bible Conservation Project that would unbind, conserve, digitize, and then rebind each of the four volumes of the Winchester Bible so that it could be displayed at the Cathedral. Although the Bible was digitized as part of the Project, the results can be seen only at the Cathedral. As far as I can tell they are not online. A description of the project is at www.nmct.co.uk/case-studies/winchester-cathedral https://www.nmct.co.uk/case-studies/winchester-cathedral and a lengthy and detailed report by Christopher Clarkson, a pre-eminent book conservator who supervised the work until his death in 2017, is at https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/18680860.2019.1748963
In 2014 the Winchester Bible was loaned to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City for a three-month exhibit. The Met's website contains an exhibit overview, a 90-minute lecture about the Bible, and a series of articles (click on Winchester Bible Exhibition Bog at left).
You can see selected pages from the Lindisfarne Gospels on the British Library’s Online Gallery at http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/virtualbooks/viewall/index.html#. You will have to download a Microsoft Silverlight plug-in to make the “Turning the Pages” feature work.
Additional information about the Lindisfarne Gospels can be found at http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/features/lindisfarne/home.html. Click on “tour” and then click on the five sections.
The Book of Kells
The website of the library of Trinity College Dublin, where the book of Kells has been since 1661, has a history and description of "Ireland's National Treasure" at https://digitalcollections.tcd.ie/collections/ks65hc20t?locale=en. You can see all 680 of its pages on the library's website at https://digitalcollections.tcd.ie/concern/works/hm50tr726?locale=en
The Bible translated by John Wycliffe and friends was copied in many sizes. A description of the magnificent Bible owned by Thomas of Woodstock is on the British Library website at http://www.bl.uk/catalogues/illuminatedmanuscripts/record.asp?MSID=8693&CollID=28&N. At the bottom of the page are three images from the Bible, which you can enlarge by clicking on them.
An edited version of John Purvey’s revision of Wycliffe’s translation of the Bible is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/Wycliffe-Bible-WYC/.
Wycliffe New Testament
A small 1390 Wycliffe New Testament is on GreatSite’s Bibles-Online at http://www.bibles-online.net/1390/.
Forty-eight Gutenberg Bibles still exist, although only 21 are complete, and many of them can be viewed online. The University of Texas at Austin’s copy can be seen at https://www.hrc.utexas.edu/gutenberg-bible/.
The Gutenberg Bible at the Library of Congress can be viewed at http://www.rarebookroom.org/Control/gtnbbl/.
The British Library has two copies of the Gutenberg Bible, one printed on paper and one printed on vellum, and they can be viewed and compared on the Library’s website at http://www.bl.uk/treasures/gutenberg/homepage.html. Click on “Texts.”
Martin Luther’s German Bible
A 1918 reprint of the September 1522 edition of Luther’s New Testament is on GreatSite’s Bibles-Online at http://www.bibles-online.net/luther/. The text of Luther’s German Bible is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/index.php?action=getVersionInfo&vid=10.
All five volumes of the Complutensian Polyglot can be seen on the website of the World Digital Library -- https://www.wdl.org/en/item/10636/. Hover your curser over the image of a page and then click on "Read Online."
Erasmus’ Greek/Latin New Testament
The entire 1519 edition of the Greek/Latin New Testament of Erasmus is on GreatSite’s Bibles-Online at http://www.bibles-online.net/1519/.
Tyndale’s New Testament
Information about the 1526 Tyndale New Testament in the British Library and a page from it are available on the Library’s website at http://www.bl.uk/onlinegallery/sacredtexts/tyndale.html.
The only complete copy of the 1526 Tyndale New Testament is in the Württembergische Landesbibliothek in Stuttgart, Germany. As far as I can tell, the description of Tyndale New Testament on its website is in German. However, the page can be viewed as translated into English by Google at http://tinyurl.com/q67tn4t.
The text of the complete 1526 Tyndale New Testament is available from StudyLight.org at http://www.studylight.org/desk/?l=en&query=Matthew+1§ion=2&translation=tyn&oq=
The 1535 edition of the Coverdale Bible is on GreatSite’s Bibles-Online at http://www.bibles-online.net/1535/. The text of the Coverdale Bible is available from StudyLight.org at http://www.studylight.org/desk/?l=en&query=Genesis+1&translation=mcb.
The 1537 edition of the Matthew’s Bible is on GreatSite’s Bibles-Online at http://www.bibles-online.net/1537/. You can see the Matthew's Bible online or download a PDF at http://archive.org/details/MatthewBible1537 .
The 1551 edition of the Taverner’s Bible is on GreatSite’s Bibles-Online at http://www.bibles-online.net/1551Taverners/. You can see the Taverner's Bible or download a PDF at
The Great Bible
The 1541 edition of the Great Bible is on GreatSite’s Bibles-Online at http://www.bibles-online.net/1541/. You can see the Great Bible or download a PDF at
The Bishops’ Bible
The 1568 edition of the Bishops’ Bible is on GreatSite’s Bibles-Online at http://www.bibles-online.net/1568/. The text of the Bishops’ Bible without the Apocrypha is available from StudyLight.org at https://www.studylight.org/desk/index.cgi?sr=0&old_q=genesis+1&search_form_type=general&q1=Genesis+1&s=0&t1=en_bis&ns=0
The 1583 edition of the Geneva Bible is on GreatSite’s Bibles-Online at http://www.bibles-online.net/1583/. The text of the 1599 edition of the Geneva Bible is available on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/1599-Geneva-Bible-GNV/.
The text of the 1899 American edition of the Douay-Rheims Bible is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/Douay-Rheims-1899-American-Edition-DRA-Bible/.
King James Version
The story of "the most widely published text in the English language" -- the King James Bible -- and selected images of the first printing in 1611 are on the British Library's website at http://www.bl.uk/collection-items/king-james-bible. A 1611 edition of the King James Version at the University of Pennsylvania Libraries is on the Library website at https://colenda.library.upenn.edu/catalog/81431-p3rv0df45. The text of the King James Version is available on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/King-James-Version-KJV-Bible/._
The Bay Psalm Book
Only 11 copies of the 1640 edition of the Bay Psalm Book are known to exist. colenda.library.upenn.edu/catalog/81431-p3rv0df45The complete copy in the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University can be viewed online on the website of Cedarville University at https://digitalcommons.cedarville.edu/sing_psalters/3/
You can download it or click on “Read Online”
The Library of Congress’s copy of the Bay Psalm Book is on the LOC website at https://www.loc.gov/resource/rbc0001.2008amimp02405/?sp=1
The Algonquin Bible, also called the Eliot Indian Bible, was the first Bible printed in America. The complete first edition, printed in 1663, can be seen at https://archive.org/details/mamussewunneetup00elio/page/n5. In 1675 many copies of the first edition were destroyed in a war against the British by a Wampanoag chief known as King Philip. The second edition, printed in 1685, can be seen at https://archive.org/details/mamussewunneetup02elio/page/n4.
The Jefferson Bible
The “wee little book” of Thomas Jefferson, in which he created a story of Jesus without any miracles by cutting parts out of six printed Bibles in Greek, Latin, French, and English and pasting them in what has become to be known as The Jefferson Bible, is online at http://americanhistory.si.edu/jeffersonbible/.
The text of the Revised Version of 1881 is available from the Online Parallel Bible Project at http://erv.scripturetext.com/.
American Standard Version
The text of the American Standard Version of 1901 is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/American-Standard-Version-ASV-Bible/.
Revised Standard Version
The text of the Revised Standard Version of 1946 (NT) and 1952 (OT) is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/Revised-Standard-Version-RSV-Bible/.
New Revised Standard Version
The text of the New Revised Standard Version of 1989 is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-Revised-Standard-Version-NRSV-Bible/.
New English Bible
The New English Bible New Testament was published in 1961 and the entire Bible in 1970 to great fanfare. Biblical scholar F.F. Bruce said enthusiastically, "To the sponsors and translators of the New English Bible the English-speaking world owes an immense debt. They have given us a version which is contemporary in idiom, up-to-date in scholarship, attractive, and at times exciting in content..." But the reception was not universally positive. In 1989, a revision was published called the Revised English Bible. Neither one has met with widespread acceptance in either Britain or America.
At one time there was a website that included the text of The New English Bible. That site was “suspended” in Spring, 2023. A spokesperson for Cambridge University Press said that the only places where the New English Bible and Revised English Bible appear digitally is through Logos Bible Software and Olive Tree Bible Software.
New American Standard Bible
The text of a 2020 updating of the New American Standard Bible of 1963 (NT) and 1971 (OT), revised in 1995, is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-American-Standard-Bible-NASB/.
Good News Translation
The text of the Good News Translation of 1966 (NT) and 1976 (OT) (formerly called the Good News Bible or Today’s English Version) is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/Good-News-Translation-GNT-Bible/.
Contemporary English Version
The text of the Contemporary English Version of 1995 is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/Contemporary-English-Version-CEV-Bible/.
New Living Translation
The text of the 2015 edition of the New Living Translation, first published in 1996, is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-Living-Translation-NLT-Bible/.
New International Version
The text of a 2011 updating of the New International Version of 1973 (NT) and 1978 (OT) is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-International-Version-NIV-Bible/.
New King James Version
The text of the New King James Version of 1979 (NT) and 1982 (OT) is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/New-King-James-Version-NKJV-Bible/.
The text of The Message: The Bible in Contemporary English of 1993 (NT) and 2002 (OT) is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/Message-MSG-Bible/.
English Standard Version
The text of the English Standard Version of 2001 is on Bible Gateway at http://www.biblegateway.com/versions/English-Standard-Version-ESV-Bible/.
World English Bible
The World English Bible (WEB) (2000) is a revision of the ASV produced by volunteer translators, editors, and proofreaders. It is notable because it is the only complete modern English version of the Bible in the public domain. Information about the WEB and the complete text can be found at https://worldenglish.bible/
American Bible Society
A promotional video on the American Bible Society’s translation of the New Testament into Datooga, a language spoken in Tanzania, can be seen at www.youtube.com/watch?v=JXLstRB4Q2k.
Wycliffe Bible Translators
A similar celebration in 2004 when the revised New Testament in West Kewa, translated by Wycliffe Bible Translators, was dedicated in Papua New Guinea is at www.youtube.com/watch?v=5VJZ9uWzgUo.
A nine-minute video at https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=3&v=eIHB4sVJ2cs tells the story of the translation of the New Testament into Keliko, a language spoken in South Sudan.
A fascinating project of the Summer Institute of Linguistics is the Ethnologue, an encyclopedic reference work cataloging all of the world’s 7,168 known living languages. The Ethnologue’s website is http://www.ethnologue.com/.
The JESUS Film
The JESUS film is the most widely circulated portion of the Bible in history and is online in more than 2,000 languages at https://www.jesusfilm.org/watch.html.